Natural Med. Cond. ⇒ Pregnancy {40000317}

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Natural Med. Cond.
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Shared Reference Notes

  • [1.1
    The amounts of anti-inflammatory butyrate-producer commensal bacteria present in non-pregnant women gut microbiota decrease while bacteria associated with pro-inflammatory responses, such as Proteobacteria, increase during pregnancy. - Bacterial diversity tends to be reduced in vaginal microbiota during pregnancy while increasing vaginal Streptococci along with several specific Lactobacilli strains, which are thought to prevent the growth of pathogenic bacteria, as well as to help human digestion, and influence host innate and adaptive immune system responses. - The gut microbiota shifts substantially throughout the progression of the pregnancy and is characterized by reduced individual richness (alpha-diversity) and increased inter-subject beta-diversity. - During the first trimester, the gut microbiota pattern is similar in many aspects to that of healthy non-pregnant women, showing a predominance of Firmicutes, mainly Clostridiales, over Bacteroidetes. -Then, maternal gut microbiota declines in butyrate-producing bacteria, while Bifidobacteria, Proteobacteria, and lactic acid-producing bacteria increase from the first to the third trimester, when the microbiota resembles an unpredictably disease-associated dysbiosis that differs greatly among normal pregnancies. - During normal pregnancy, the composition of the vaginal microbiota changes as a function of gestational age, with an increase in the relative abundance for Lactobacillus spp., such as L. crispatus, L. jensenii, L. gasserii, L. vaginalis, and a decrease in anaerobe or strict anaerobe microbial species, such as Atopobium, Prevotella, Sneathia, Gardenerella, Ruminococcaceae, Parvimonas, Mobilincus
  • [1.2] [#Probiotic (Bifidobacter and Lactobacilus)
    - Probiotic supplementation > significantly reduced the severity of nausea, vomiting, constipation, and improved life quality in pregnant women. - Probiotic intake increased fecal bsh (bile salt hydrolase) > free #Bile Acids > facilitate intestinal mobility and metabolism > associated with lower vomiting scores.
  • [1.3] [#Cesarean section, #Vaginally delivery
  • [1.4] [#Bifidobacterium breve
    - in pregnant women, #Bifidobacterium represents a key beneficial microbiota genus, with levels observed to increase across pregnancy. - using germ-free and specific-pathogen-free mice, we demonstrate that the bacterium #Bifidobacterium breve UCC2003 modulates maternal body adaptations, placental structure and nutrient transporter capacity, with implications for fetal metabolism and growth
  • [1.5
    - he cervicovaginal microbiota becomes even more dominated by Lactobacillus during pregnancy, resulting in less diversified profiles than in non-pregnant women
  • - The cervicovaginal microbiota becomes even more dominated by Lactobacillus during pregnancy, resulting in less diversified profiles than in non-pregnant women
  • [1.6
    - There was a relative enrichment of taurine-conjugated compared to glycine-conjugated and non-conjugated #Bile Acids during pregnancy, accompanied by expansion of taurine respirer #Bilophila wadsworthia, which has been linked to colitis and glucose dysmetabolism
  • - These metabolites were consistently associated with higher relative abundance of #Methanobrevibacter smithii, which has been linked to improved energy harvest, obesity, impaired glucose tolerance, and diabetes
  • - Several species were enriched during pregnancy compared to the postpartum period including #Streptococcus salivarius and #Streptococcus parasanguinis. Both species are also prevalent members of the infant gut microbiome
  • [1.7] [#Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)] [#Branched-chain amino acids, #Short Chain Fatty Acid
    In GDM: - Isobutyric, isovaleric, valeric, and hexanoic acids were significantly higher in the GDM. - #Isobutyric acid significantly correlated with urea and blood glucose at 1 and 2 hours after OGTT; fasting blood glucose, blood glucose at 2 hours after OGTT. - urea/creatinine ratio positively correlated with #Valeric acid. - blood glucose at 2 hours after OGTT positively correlated with #Caproic acid. - white blood cell count positively correlated with #Propionic acid. - Significantly elevated #Isobutyric acid and isovaleric acid in pregnant women with GDM may be associated with insulin resistance caused by BCFAs.
  • [#Intrahepatic Cholestasis of Pregnancy (ICP)] [#Short Chain Fatty Acid] In the ICP - isobutyric acids levels were higher, while acetic, propionic, butyric, isovaleric, valeric, and hexanoic acids levels were significantly lower. - #Isobutyric acid and #Hexanoic acid showed significant correlations with each clinical indicator. - Hemoglobin, white blood cells count, albumin, gestational weeks at delivery, fetal birth weight, and BMI were positively correlated with #Hexanoic acid. - total BAs and ALT were negatively correlated with #Hexanoic acid - #Isobutyric acid showed the opposite trend with #Hexanoic acid. - #Valeric acid positively correlated with hemoglobin and negatively correlated with total BA and ALT. - #Caproic acid and #Isobutyric acid might be potential biomarkers
  • [#Preeclamsia] [#Short Chain Fatty Acid] in PE: - #Acetic acid, #Propionic acid, #Isobutyric acid, and valeric acids levels were significantly higher in the PE group. - the systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, urea/creatinine ratio, and total BA of pregnant women significantly positively correlated with #Acetic acid, #Propionic acid, #Isobutyric acid, and #Valeric acid. - urea positively correlated with #Acetic acid and #Isobutyric acid. - white blood cell count and gestational age negatively correlated with #Acetic acid, #Propionic acid, #Isobutyric acid, and #Valeric acid. - total cholesterol negatively correlated with #Propionic acid and #Isobutyric acid. - the percentage of neutrophils and fetal birth weight negatively correlated with #Isobutyric acid and #Valeric acid. - #Acetic acid and #Propionic acid have high diagnostic value for PE.
  • [1.8
    - Pregnancy increases susceptibility to #Sepsis in a microbiome-dependent manner - Reduced #Parabacteroides merdae abundance in pregnancy led to decreased #Formononetin - #Formononetin inhibits macrophage pyroptosis by impeding hnRNPUL2 nuclear accumulation - #Parabacteroides merdae or #Formononetin inversely correlates with #Sepsis severity
  • [1.9] [#Lactobacillus gasseri
    - Tvaginal microbiota was mostly consistent with previously reported community sequence types. - #Lactobacillus crispatus was the most abundant organism, followed by #Lactobacillus iners, #Gardnerella vaginalis, #Lactobacillus jensenii, and L. gasseri. - #Enterococcus faecalis was found in nearly 100% of samples, #Pseudomonas tolaasii in all samples, and #Escherichia coli in 83.75% of samples. #Streptococcus agalactiae was detected in 74% of samples and is an important pathogen in both mothers and #Infants.
  • [#Acute lymphoblastic leukemia] - reduced maternal fibre consumption during pregnancy has been linked to increased incidence of childhood ALL.
  • [#Short Chain Fatty Acid] [#Low fibre Diet, #Maternal consumption of dietary fibre] - a low-fibre diet during pregnancy and lactation leads to reduced SCFA levels and impaired thymic Treg cell differentiation in the offspring
  • [1.11] [#Atrial fibrillation
    - individuals who developed AF had lower abundances of #Odoribacter and Sanguibacteroides. - A higher relative abundance of the #Odoribacter genus has been related to lower blood pressure in pregnant women.
  • [1.12] [#Prevotella copri
    - mothers carried P. copri during pregnancy were at lower risk for #Food Allergy, especially mothers who were on a high-fiber high-fat diet.
  • [1.13] [#Multiple Sclerosis] [#Estrogen, #Phytoestrogen
    - Estrogens have also been shown to possess immunomodulatory properties and ameliorate MS during pregnancy
  • [1.14] [#Gender, #Human breast milk
    - boys diagnosed with #Autism were over three times more likely to have been born to mothers who reported daily consumption of diet soda or #Aspartame during pregnancy or breastfeeding.
  • [1.15] [#Gestational Hypertension
    - It is not the composition of the whole GM, but maybe some certain taxa that change during pregnancy and have effects on HDP.
  • [#Gestational Hypertension] - the relative abundance of #Polycyclovorans and #Pelomonas in GH / PE in early pregnancy was significantly higher than that in healthy control, and these bacteria were also enriched in the late trimester of GH / PE patients.
  • [1.16] [#Allergy] [#Antibiotic Therapy, #Infants, #Mother-infant
    - Antibiotic exposure during pregnancy was associated with preschool #Asthma, wheezing, #Allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and any allergic disease in offspring up to age 3 years.
  • [1.17] [#Crohn’s disease
    - #Smoking during pregnancy was associated with a high risk of CD in the offspring if mothers continued #Smoking more than 10 cigarettes/day during pregnancy.

References Notes

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Common References

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