Microbiome & Chronic Diseases

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Helicobacter ⇒ Helicobacter pylori {10000112}

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Helicobacter pylori


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Shared Reference Notes

  • [1.1
    - H. pylori eradication therapy is safe for adolescents with respect to gut microbiota changes associated with H. pylori eradication therapy
  • [1.2] [#Parkinson’s Disease
  • [1.3] [#Alzheimer’s disease
    - Patients with the H. Pylori infection have been found to perform more poorly on the Mini–Mental State Examination, verbal memory tasks, and serial digit learning tasks; the infection causes inflammation and even tau hyperphosphorylation.
  • [#Parkinson’s Disease] - greater prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with PD and poorer clinical status in patients with the infection; H. pylori eradication was found to be associated with clinical improvement.
  • [1.4
    - The progression of #Chronic gastritis toward #Gastric carcinoma has been characterized by the reduction in the Helicobacter genus, overgrowth of opportunistic bacteria, increased apoptosis, necrosis, and collagen production, changes in the cytoskeleton and polarity of the gastric epithelium, and gradual suppression of gastric acidity.
  • [#Gastric carcinoma, #Peptic ulcer] - H. pylori has a substantial association with chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, and gastric adenocarcinoma.
  • - Streptococcus, Neisseriae, Prevotella, Rothia, Fusobacterium, Veillonella, and Haemophilus are considered the main gastric bacterial genera enriched in #H. pylori-positive individuals. - the overgrowth of #Candida species in the stomach has been reported during H. pylori infection, which might result in synergistic effects on the H. pylori pathogenesis.
  • - H. pylori association with obesity, diabetes, IBD, allergic disorders, as well as cardiovascular, hepatobiliary, skin, kidney, autoimmune, neurologic, and psychiatric diseases.
  • [1.5] [#Peptic ulcer] [#Antibiotic Therapy
    - The population of #Actinobacteria is decreased by the use of Helicobacter pylori treatment.
  • [1.6] [#Alzheimer’s disease
    - Local periodontal inflammation due to infection with Helicobacter pylori, the agent of gastric ulcers, or with #Porphyromonas gingivalis, in fact, can stimulate brain tissue inflammation
  • [1.7] [#Sphingomyelin
    - sphingomyelins act as binding sites for toxins of the enteropathogen Helicobacter pylori.
  • [1.8] [#Escherichia coli, #Shigella flexneri
    - Notable genera in the #Proteobacteria are #Escherichia, #Salmonella, #Shigella, #Desulfovibrio, and #Helicobacter. Included in the phyla is the #Enterobacteriaceae family, which contains several enteropathogenic bacteria, including #Shigella flexneri, #Salmonella typhi, and #Escherichia coli. Other enteric pathogens in this phylum are #Vibrio cholerae and #Helicobacter pylori.
  • [1.9] [#Crohn’s disease, #Inflamatory bowel disease] [#Escherichia coli, #Hungatella hathewayi
    - H. hathewayi transcript as belonging to the TIGR02037 family, which includes both K04771 and K04772 . - Proteases from these families are found in pathogens, such as Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) and Helicobacter pylori, where they have been described as virulence factors, shown to degrade E-cadherin,Citation46 and hypothesized to cleave PAR2.
  • [#Gastric carcinoma, #Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma] - H. pylori is arguably the most well-known bacterial carcinogen, contributing to gastric cancers and mucosa-associated tissue lymphomas (MALT). - It attaches directly to gastric epithelial cells via HopQ binding to host CEACAM, allowing the bacteria to inject CagA and activating Wnt/beta-catenin signaling, a known neoplastic process
  • [1.11
    - #Bacteroides fragilis and #Prevotella copri (#Bacteroidetes), #Bifidobacterium longum and #Collinsella aerofaciens (#Actinobacteria), and Helicobacter pylori (#Proteobacteria) can produce #Vitamin B6 as they have these biosynthetic mechanisms
  • [1.12] [#Gastric carcinoma
    - Helicobacter pylori attaches to the gastric epithelial cells by binding to the carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule (CEACAM) through the outer membrane adhesin HopQ. - Then, through the type IV secretion system of CagA, peptidoglycan metabolites, and DNA, the effector protein CagA is directly delivered into the epithelial cells to exert carcinogenic effects.
  • [1.13] [#Parkinson’s Disease
    - Helicobacter pylori, was found to be associated with increased severity of motor dysfunction, decreased #Dopamine levels in the brain, and decreased levodopa absorption as well as autoimmune and inflammatory reactions
  • [1.14] [#Gastric carcinoma
    - Helicobacter pylori-positive gastric cancer patients had considerably greater levels of miR99b-3p, miR-564, and miR-638 compared to Helicobacter pylori-negative patients

References Notes

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Common References