test Bacteroides fragilis ⇒ Bacteroides | Microbiome | MetaBiom
MetaBiom
Microbiome & Chronic Diseases

Evidence Based Medicine

Bacteroides fragilis ⇒ Bacteroides {10000104}

Record Keys


Organism:
Bacteroides fragilis
Parent:

Details


Authoring date:
2019-05-14

Links


Meta Information


Taxonomy:
Species
Domain:
Bacteria
Zone:[  ]
Enzyme:[  ]
Function:[  ]

Notes


- The colon has two distinct mucus structures: the outer layer is colonized by mucin-degrading bacteria and is characterized by the presence of Bacteroides acidifaciens, Bacteroides fragilis, Bifidobacteriaceae and Akkermansia muciniphila and the inner layer and crypts are penetrated at low density by a more restricted community that includes Bacteroides fragilis and Acinetobacter spp. (1)

Shared Notes


  • [1.31
    - The immunomodulatory molecule polysaccharide A derived from the human commensal Bacteroides fragilis mediates the conversion of CD4+ T cells into FOXP3+ Treg cells that produce IL-10 during commensal colonization, stimulating immunological development within mammalian hosts
  • [1.32
    - During colonization of animals with the ubiquitous gut microorganism Bacteroides fragilis, a bacterial polysaccharide (PSA) directs the cellular and physical maturation of the developing immune system, correcting systemic T cell deficiencies and TH1/TH2 imbalances and directing lymphoid organogenesis.
    - PSA presented by intestinal dendritic cells activates CD4+ T cells and elicits appropriate cytokine production.

Common References